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Paper: ETH-RC-14-009

Title: A scenario planning approach for disasters on Swiss road network

Authors: *G. A. Mendes, K. W. Axhausen, J. S. Andrade, Jr, H. J. Herrmann


Abstract:

We study a vehicular traffic scenario on Swiss roads in an emergency situation, calculating how sequentially roads block due to excessive traffic load until global collapse (gridlock) occurs and in this way displays the fragilities of the system. We used a database from Bundesamt f\"ur Raumentwicklung which contains length and maximum allowed speed of all roads in Switzerland. The present work could be interesting for government agencies in planning and managing for emergency logistics for a country or a big city. The model used to generate the flux on the Swiss road network was proposed by Mendes et al. [Physica A391, 362 (2012)]. It is based on the conservation of the number of vehicles and allows for an easy and fast way to follow the formation of traffic jams in large systems. We also analyze the difference between a nonlinear and a linear model and the distribution of fluxes on the Swiss road.


Keywords: Scenario planning, traffic gridlock, emergency logistics, evacuation planning

Manuscript status: Published

Reference: International Journal of Modern Physics C 25, No. 12 (2014) 145006

JEL codes:
PACS numbers: 05.70.Fh, 89.20.Kk



Local copy of the paper: ETH-RC-14-009.pdf


Submission date: 13-6-2014


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