ETH Zuerich - Homepage

Paper: ETH-RC-11-003

Title: The Role of diversification risk in financial bubbles

Authors: Wanfeng Yan, Ryan Woodard, Didier Sornette*


We present an extension of the Johansen-Ledoit-Sornette (JLS) model to include an additional pricing factor called the ``Zipf factor'', which describes the diversification risk of the stock market portfolio. Keeping all the dynamical characteristics of a bubble described in the JLS model, the new model provides an additional information about the concentration of stock gains over time. This allows us to understand better the risk diversification and to explain the investors' behavior during the bubble generation. We apply this new model to two famous Chinese stock bubbles, from August 2006 to October 2007 (bubble 1) and from October 2008 to August 2009 (bubble 2). The Zipf factor is found highly significant for bubble 1, corresponding to the fact that valuation gains were more concentrated on the large firms of the Shanghai index. It is likely that the widespread acknowledgement of the 80-20 rule in the chinese media and discussion fora led many investors to discount the risk of a lack of diversification, therefore enhancing the role of the Zipf factor. For bubble 2, the Zipf factor is found marginally relevant, suggesting a larger weight of market gains on small firms. We interpret this result as the consequence of the response of the chinese economy to the very large stimulus provided by the Chinese government in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis.

Keywords: financial bubbles, rational expectations, positive feedback, factor model, diversification, Chinese market

Manuscript status: Submitted

JEL codes: G01, G17, C53
PACS numbers:

Local copy of the paper: ETH-RC-11-003.pdf

Submission date: 7-8-2011

Wichtiger Hinweis:
Diese Website wird in älteren Versionen von Netscape ohne graphische Elemente dargestellt. Die Funktionalität der Website ist aber trotzdem gewährleistet. Wenn Sie diese Website regelmässig benutzen, empfehlen wir Ihnen, auf Ihrem Computer einen aktuellen Browser zu installieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie auf
folgender Seite.

Important Note:
The content in this site is accessible to any browser or Internet device, however, some graphics will display correctly only in the newer versions of Netscape. To get the most out of our site we suggest you upgrade to a newer browser.
More information